Revised Aug. 30, 2016

Schwieder, Dorothy.  (1996).  Iowa The Middle Land.  Ames, Iowa:  Iowa State University Press.

The Black family of Champaign Co., OH, and Henry Co., IA were ancestors of my grandfather Jesse Otto Jeffery Scarff.  Samuel Black Jr. served in the Civil War in Co. H, 37th (“Graybeard”) Regiment, Iowa Infantry, enlisting at age 54, which in that era was considered an advanced age.  Most of the deaths in the unit were from disease.

The Black family, like those below, was of German descent.

Below: Grave marker of Samuel Black Jr. (1808–1865) at Green Mound cemetery near Trenton, Henry Co., IA.  The stone has tipped over and is flat on the ground.  Note the GAR star at the bottom right.  Trenton, named after the capital of New Jersey, was once a viable community, but the railroads at Fairfield were stiff competition.

On 3 Jul 1831 in Champaign Co., OH Samuel Black Jr. married Mary Adamson.  Of her family I have nothing.  Like her husband, she’s buried at Green Mound cemetery.  The clasping hands are a common motif on grave markers of the period.

“The Free Press” of 18 Aug 1887, published in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa reports: “Mrs. Mary Black died at her residence two miles west of here, July 15th.  She was born in Ohio in 1814, and after her marriage to Samuel Black, moved to Henry county Iowa, where she resided for forty-eight years.  She was a kind good woman and died respected by her neighbors.”  Her grave marker says she died July 11th.

Samuel Black Jr.’s daughter Mary Ann married Tyler Huffman, who was also a Civil War veteran, on 3 Sep 1868 in Henry Co., IA.  Their daughter Effie Viola Huffman became Jesse’s mother.

Above: Portrait of Effie Viola Huffman, probably taken prior to her marriage to Earnest Ervin Jeffery. 

Below: Effie is buried at Green Mound cemetery.  Her grave marker has been recently installed.

Above: Grave marker of Samuel Black Sr. (1775–1846) at Black Cemetery, Woodstock, Champaign Co., OH; father of Samuel Black Jr. of Henry Co., IA. Samuel Black Sr. married in Washington Co. PA, Elizabeth Stricker, daughter of Lawrence (Johan Lorentz) Stricker.  (See: Lawrence Stricker will, dated 1 Apr 1816, Washington Co. PA Will Book 3, p. 93 which names “my daughter Elizabeth Black wife to Samuel Black.”)  In 1811 Samuel Black Sr. moved from Buffalo Township, Washington Co., PA to Champaign Co., OH.

(Will of Samuel Black Sr., Champaign Co., OH Will Book B, pp. 413–414.)

Samuel Black Sr. was the son of Peter Black of Washington Co., PA.  Peter Black was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

This NEXT cluster of families also belongs to my grandfather Jesse Otto Jeffery Scarff. It’s a new cluster stemming from his grandmother Catherine (Stafford) Jeffery.  I discovered the maiden name of Catherine’s mother Susan by taking another look at the cemetery records at Lower Richwoods Cemetery in Jefferson Co., IA, which show Susan’s maiden name as Hanawalt.  I was then able to identify Susan’s family in Mifflin County, PA.

I still haven’t determined the parents of Susan’s husband James Stafford, who was born 8 Jul 1792 in England.  James Stafford must have married Susan (or Susannah) Hanawalt in Mifflin Co., PA. Unfortunately there are no marriage records there until 1885, and this marriage took place ca. 1831.

James Stafford’s tombstone at Lower Richwoods Cemetery is still standing.  Also buried at Lower Richwoods Cemetery is George Hanawalt (23 Apr 1795–22 Jul 1867), brother of Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford.


In the 1850 Jefferson Co., IA census (p. 41), Susanna Stafford is living in Walnut Township, as follows:

Susanna Stafford aged 43 b. PA; Mary Stafford aged 17 b. PA; Henry Stafford aged 15 b. PA; Annette Stafford aged 11 b. PA; Catharine Stafford aged 9 b. PA; Nelson Stafford aged 7 b. PA (Nelson’s full name was Admiral Nelson Stafford)

By the 1860 Jefferson Co., IA census (pp. 136-147), the family is still in Walnut Township, but things have changed a bit:

Household 978:  Oliver Frazier aged 23 b. NY; Catharine Frazier aged 19 b. PA  (Catherine Stafford and her first husband, Oliver Frazier, living next door to Catherine’s mother, before the Civil War.  “Frazier” is sometimes spelled “Frasher.”)

Household 979:  Susan Stafford aged 52 b. PA; Henry Stafford aged 24 b. PA; Athena Stafford aged 21 b. PA; Nelson Stafford aged 17 b. PA; John Stafford aged 10 months b. IA

In the 1870 Henry Co., IA census (p. 247), Catherine Stafford is residing in Jefferson Township, Mt. Pleasant P.O. with her new husband:

Francis A. [sic] Jeffery aged 31 b. OH; Catherine E. Jeffery aged 28 b. PA; James P. Frasher [sic] aged 9 b. IA; Eva Jane Jeffery aged 4 b. IA; William Jeffery aged 2 b. IA; Thomas Jeffery aged 7 months b. IA; Garret I. Jeffery aged 66 b. NJ

The 1880 Henry Co., IA census (p. 194), Jefferson Township, shows that Francis I. Jeffery had adopted James P. Frazier, Catherine Jeffery’s son by her first husband.  This census also documents the relationships in the household.  “Jeffery” has been corrupted to “Jeffries”:

F.I. Jeffries [sic] aged 42 b. OH; Catharine Jeffries (wife) aged 39 b. PA; James P. Jeffries (son) aged 19 b. IA; Wm. Jeffries (son) aged 11 b. IA; Thomas S. Jeffries (son) aged 10 b. IA; John L. Jeffries (son) aged 8 b. IA; Garit Jeffries (father) aged 76 b. NJ

Above: Grave marker of Francis Irons Jeffery at Green Mound cemetery.  The grave has a GAR (Grand Army of the Republic) star.  Beneath “GAR” is the legend “1861–1865.” Francis Irons Jeffery served as a corporal in the Union Army during the Civil War.  GAR was founded on 6 Apr 1866 in Decatur, IL by Benjamin F. Stephenson as a fraternal order for those who had served in the Union armed forces.  Its last member, drummer boy Albert Woolson, d. 2 Aug 1956, and was thought to be about 109 years old.  Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War is the GAR endorsed successor organization, which is still active today.  Estimates of those killed in the Civil War, from combat or disease, range from 620,000 to 750,000. 

Below: Francis Irons Jeffery’s grave marker was paid for by the Office of the Quartermaster General, which supplied through local contractors grave markers for thousands of Union veterans.  According to their records, he died on 20 June 1897.  The grave marker, being of porous stone, is in bad condition.  This record gives an accurate date of death.  The grave marker was actually installed nearly six years later.

By the 1900 Henry Co., IA census (SD 74 ED 33 Sheet 9), Jefferson Township, Catherine Jeffery is once again a widow:

Catherine Jeffry [sic] (widow, head of household) b. Nov 1844 PA; Wm. L. Jeffry (son) b. Jul 1876 IA; Alonzo Jeffry (son) b. – 1879 IA; Earnest Jeffry (son) b. Feb 1881 (Earnest Ervin Jeffery was father of my grandfather Jesse Otto Jeffery Scarff)

And finally, in the 1910 Henry Co., IA census (SD 1 ED 40 Sheet 11B), my grandfather is living with his aunt Emma and her husband John Scarff:

John H. Scarff (head) aged 45 b. IA; Emma A. (wife) aged 40 b. IA; Jesse Otto Jeffery (nephew) aged 6 b. IA (Jesse was Emma’s nephew, not John’s)

I wanted to solve the mystery of Catherine E. (Stafford) (Frazier) Jeffery’s first husband, Oliver E. Frazier.  What happened?

Oliver E. Frazier served in Co. K, 7th Regiment, Iowa Infantry.  After numerous battles throughout the South, the unit was attached to the Military Division of the Mississippi under the command of Maj. General William T. Sherman.  The Battle of Resaca, the first battle of Sherman’s Atlanta campaign, was fought from 13–15 May 1864 in Gordon and Whitfield counties, GA.  Oliver E. Frazier was killed at Resaca on 15 May 1864, and is interred at Chatanooga National Cemetery, Chatanooga, TN.  Cemetery records leave no doubt that the soldier interred at Chatanooga was Catherine’s husband Oliver.  Oliver never made it home in more ways than one.

(Battle of Resaca, by Kurz and Allison, 1889.  Kurz and Allison, based in Chicago, were a publisher of chromolithographs of Civil War battles and other historical events.  They would be found in Victorian era parlors of middle class homes.)

But how did Francis I. Jeffery, whose home was Henry Co., IA, marry a widow who resided in Jefferson Co.?  How did he know of her?  Francis was in Co. B, 25th Regiment, Iowa Infantry—and he fought at the Battle of Resaca.  Evidently Francis knew Oliver, and when he mustered out, he visited Catherine.

On 6 Sep 1866 in Jefferson Co., IA, Catherine E. Jeffery posted a Guardian’s bond for the benefit of James P. Frasher, a minor.  Witnesses were Henry Stafford and Daniel W. Benson.

Catherine was the widow of two Civil War veterans.  The pension claims stemming from the Civil War service of Oliver E. Frazier and her second husband Francis I. Jeffery were consolidated under her Widow’s claim No. 679.892.  Records show her son James P. (Frasher) Jeffery eventually received money through his father’s pension while residing at Fairfield, IA.

(Click on image to enlarge.)


Although it is known that Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford is buried at Lower Richwoods Cemetery, she doesn’t have a grave marker and her exact date of death is unknown. However, the 1870 Jefferson Co., IA census (p. 225), P.O. Lockridge, taken on 7 Jun 1870, shows Susan aged 64 living with her son Henry Stafford.

James and Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford’s son Admiral Nelson Stafford (2 Jan 1844—7 Jul 1919) moved to Polk Co., NE, where he resided at Stromsburg.  He drew Pension No. 212,777 for his Civil War service, and is buried in Stromsburg cemetery.

On 30 Nov 1844, for the sum of $500.00, Hugh Johnston and Leah his wife sold to James Stafford 160 acres in Jefferson Co.  William Kimberly and George Hanawalt were witnesses to the deed.  On 1 Mar 1846, the United States of America issued land grant No. 11397 for 40 acres to James Stafford of Jefferson Co., Territory of Iowa.

Below: Grave marker of James Stafford at Lower Richwoods cemetery, Jefferson Co., IA.  At some point the grave marker was split, and has been repaired with iron bands.

James and Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford were real Iowa pioneers.  The following, cited in a 1914 history of Jefferson Co., IA, are part of the field notes submitted on 18 Nov 1837 by E.F. Lucas, Deputy Surveyor, which describes conditions in Walnut Township when James and Susan settled in Iowa Territory:

“It may be said of this township that it embraces a considerable quantity of good soil, and to all appearance well adapted to the purpose of cultivation, good timber for the support of farms is not in that abundance that would be looked for in all cases, but yet, there is a sufficiency.

There passes through the center and out at the South Boundry a Creek called Wallnut which a great portion of the year will be sufficient to propel mills and other machinery.  There are great quantities of Limestone disposed through out, and from appearance stone coal may be easily procured in large quantities.  It is perceveable in the washings of all the brooks Creeks, etc.  On the N. boundary is what is called the Pleasant Prairie.  But of the river bottoms nothing flattering can be held out—they are not wide in most places—and the numerous ponds, and lakes and marshes spoil them either for beauty or cultivation.”

Mifflin Co. is in the central section of PA.  These individuals are of German descent and considered “Pennsylvania Dutch” (“deutsch”).  Any descendant of James and Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford is eligible for DAR on three lines, as discussed below.  All lines have been used for DAR membership.

  1. Johannes Rothrock, b. 1684 in Leiselheim, Germany (in the Rhineland near Worms); m. 1712 Anna Margaretha (maiden name unknown), b. 1688, liv. 1730; Johannes Rothrock said to be son of Michel Rothrock


  2. Johann Georg Rothrock, b. 1721 in Germany, d. 1806 in Northampton Co., PA; m. Elizabeth Roemig, d. 1798; Johann Georg Rothrock (George Rothrock) signed an Oath of Allegiance to the United States on 29 May 1778, NSDAR qualified (Ancestor No. A098781); according to NSDAR wife was Elizabeth Roemig, parents unknown


  3. George Rothrock, b. 1747 in Bucks Co., PA, d. 1 May 1826 in Derry Township, Mifflin Co., PA; m. Elizabeth (Myers or Meyers?), b. 1751, d. Jul 1827, Mifflin Co, PA; George Rothrock served in Battalion 8 Cumberland Co., PA militia during the Revolutionary War, NSDAR qualified (Ancestor No. A098782); NSDAR doesn’t give a maiden name for wife


  4. Mary Rothrock, twin of Susanna Rothrock, b. 24 Dec 1773 in Cumberland Co., PA, d. 1840 in Mifflin Co., PA; m. ca. 1793 in Mifflin Co., PA, John Laman Hanawalt, b. 1773 at or near McVeytown, Mifflin Co., PA, d. 22 Feb 1829 in McVeytown, Mifflin Co., PA; John Laman Hanawalt was the son of Henry George Hanawalt and Catherine Elizabeth Laman (or Lehman); Henry [George] Hanawalt, ca. 1731–1794, is NSDAR qualified (Ancestor No. A050781) for rendering Patriotic Service (paid Supply Tax 1779–1782) 


  5. Susan (or Sussanah) Hanawalt, b. 1807, d. after 7 Jun 1870 in Jefferson Co., IA; m. ca. 1831 in Mifflin Co., PA, James Stafford, b. 8 Jul 1792 in England, d. 8 July 1847 in Jefferson Co, IA; James and Susan (Hanawalt) Stafford are buried in Lower Richwoods Cemetery in Jefferson Co., IA; Susan has no marker


  6. Catherine E. Stafford (middle name probably “Elizabeth”), b. November 1842 in Pennsylvania, d. 23 Oct 1902 in Henry Co., IA; m. (2) 12 Apr 1866 as his second wife, Francis Irons Jeffery, b. 21 Aug 1838 in Marion Co., OH, d. 20 Jun 1897 in Henry Co., IA, Union Civil War veteran, buried Green Mound Cemetery near Trenton, IA, son of Garrett Irons Jeffery and wife Ann McCray; Catherine’s first husband Oliver E. Frazier was killed in the Civil War, and by him she had one son, James P. Frazier

~ by Jeffrey Thomas Chipman on August 5, 2017.