Gravett, Christopher; Hook, Adam, illus.  (2007).  The Castles of Edward I in Wales 1277–1307.  Oxford and New York: Osprey Publishing Limited

Morris, Marc.  (2008).  A Great and Terrible king Edward I And The Forging Of Britain.  London: Windmill Books

Prestwich, Michael.  (1997).  Edward I.  New Haven and London: Yale University Press

Taylor, Arnold.  (1986).  The Welsh Castles of Edward I.  London and Ronceverte: The Hambledon Press

Watson, Fiona.  (2005).  Under The Hammer Edward I And Scotland 1286–1306.  Edinburgh: John Donald




Edward1         Edward I is the king in the film “Braveheart.”  He was the great-grandson of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.  The motto on his tomb says “Pactum Serva:”  Keep Troth.  When his tomb was opened in 1774, his height was measured at 6 feet 2 inches.

I don’t know why Hollywood depicts Medieval kings and their families as residing in dank, unadorned castles.  Royal families would have the finest furniture available in the civilized world, the best cloth, tapestries, rugs, expensive religious artifacts, games, musical instruments, bird-cages, and books.  Henry III had a private zoo. 

Margaret of France bore Edward I three children:  Thomas, Edmund, and Eleanor.  Edmund was the father of Joan of Kent, who married as her second husband Edward the Black Prince; they were the parents of the ill-fated Richard II.

Prestwich (1997) gives this account of the infancy of Thomas of Brotherton:

“Vast quantities of cloth were needed:  Thomas’s first cradle and bed used thirteen ells of fine Lincoln scarlet, his second the same quantity of dark blue cloth.  Fur coverlets were also provided, with sheets made from fifty-five ells of Rheims linen.  There were hangings with heraldic arms, and at Edward’s orders the young prince’s chamber was draped with striped cloth.  [Allegedly] Thomas was a patriotic baby, who rejected the milk of his French wet-nurse, and began to thrive only when he received good English milk.   One of Thomas’s wet-nurses died, and the queen certainly employed a doctor to examine and approve the milk of another.”   [An ell equals 45 inches.]

1. Edward I, King of England; m. (2) Margaret of France (half-sister of Philip IV, King of France), d. 14 Feb 1317/8 at Marlborough Castle in Wiltshire, buried in the church of Grey Friars, London 15 Mar 1317/8 (Marlborough Castle by tradition was the Queen’s dower house; last used by Queen Philippa, d. 1369, wife of Edward III, after which it reverted to the Crown and fell into ruins)

(The coronation chair of King Edward I, with the Stone of Scone beneath the seat.  The Stone has since been returned to Scotland.  The chair was last used in 1953 at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.)

2. Thomas of Brotherton (half-brother of Edward II, King of England), Earl of Norfolk, Earl Marshal, b. 1 Jun 1300, will made 4 Aug 1338, d. Sep 1338; m. (1) Alice de Hales, d. by 12 Oct 1330, dau. of Sir Roger Hales of Harwich, co. Norfolk coroner, and sister to Joan, wife of Sir John Jermye

[Oct. 12, Nottingham.  Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Laurence de Rustiton and James de Northstoke to Master William de Fisshebourn, prebendary of Fotyngton in Holy Trinity Church, Boseham, of 26 acres of land and 3s. in rent in Boseham, and of the reversion of a messuage, 14 acres of land and an acre of meadow there held for life by Andrew le Frye and Matilda his wife, to find a chaplain to celebrate divine service daily in that church for the good estate of Thomas, earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, in life, for his soul after death, and for the soul of Alice, sometimes his wife.  By fine of 20 s.  Sussex.  (Patent Rolls, King Edward III, 12 Oct 1330. In the medieval period it was common for the wealthy to provide a foundation to have mass said for their good fortune and for the welfare of their souls after death.  The term “mortmain” refers to real estate held without the right to sell it. )]

3. Margaret Plantagenet (“Mareschal”), Duchess of Norfolk, b. ca. 1320, d. 24 Mar 1398/9; m. (1) John de Segrave

[Behind this rather obscure note is a story:  it’s from the records of the Gild of Corpus Christie of the Church of St. Bene’t’s in Cambridge, showing Margaret Marshal with her second husband, Walter Manny or Mauny, and her daughter Elizabeth de Mowbray (see below).  The records are linked to a historical event:  the burgesses of Cambridge desired to found a new college at the University in the wake of the plague.  They enrolled many prominent figures in the Gild, which assured their success.  So was founded Corpus Christi College, which continues today.]

4. Elizabeth de Segrave, b. 25 Oct 1338, d. bef. husband; m. John de Mowbray, 4th Lord Mowbray, b. 25 Jun 1340, d. 9 Oct 1368

5. Eleanor (Alianor) de Mowbray, b. ca. 25 Mar 1364; m. John de Welles, 5th Lord Welles, b. 20 Apr 1352, d. 26 Aug 1421

(It seems as though St. George himself could not have defeated this mighty Scot.  While I don’t doubt this spectacle took place, viewed from an English perspective, some elements are incredible.  A medieval suit of armor was nearly a ball and chain, and Lord Welles being led like a lamb, if true, implies a concussion.)

6. Ives (or Eudes or Eudo) de Welles, liv. 1407, d. via patris (before father); m. (her first) Maude de Greystoke, liv. 12 Nov 1435 (Maude was the 2nd g-granddaughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, hanged 1330)

(Ives de Welles, who would have been the 6th Lord Welles had he lived, deserves to be remembered for something—even if it’s his wife’s notorious ancestor.  The following is the connection of Maude de Greystoke to Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.)

The Earldom of Warwick was an ancient peerage, dating to 1088.  Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, was a founding Knight of the Garter.  His wardship was first granted to Hugh le Despenser, and then to Roger de Mortimer, who obtained a papal dispensation to marry Beauchamp to his daughter Katherine.  Beauchamp was with the Black Prince at Cressy.  At Poitiers, he took prisoner the Archbishop of Seinz, whom he ransomed for 8,000 pounds.  During a campaign in France he fell ill of the pestilence and died on 13 Nov 1369.

The following case in the plea rolls from Shropshire dated 1428 involves ancestors of Roger de Mortimer’s wife, Joan:

Peter de Geneville had three daughters, the eldest being Joan, wife of Roger de Mortimer.  In order to secure the whole of the Geneville estates, and an undivided one of two parts of the Lacy fief, Roger de Mortimer had Joan’s sisters Matilda and Beatrice placed in a nunnery.

7. Lionel de Welles, K.G., 6th Lord Welles, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, b. 1406, killed 29 Mar 1461 as a Lancastrian at the Battle of Towton; m. (1) 15 Aug 1417 Joan (Jane) Waterton (an example of child marriage among the nobility), daughter of Robert Waterton, Esq., d. 17 Jan 1424/5, by his 2nd wife Cecily Fleming, daughter of Sir Robert Fleming (during the Medieval era the names “Joan” and “Jane” were often interchangeable)

(Record of Lionel de Welles, also called “Leo,” as a Knight of the Garter, elected as a consequence of the death of Sir Edward Hull.  The Order was instituted by King Edward III, and is still in existence, based at Windsor Castle.)

(Tomb of Lionel de Welles and wife Joan Waterton in Waterton Church, Methley, Yorkshire.  Joan looks Sphinx-like with her nose lopped off, but one gets a sense of the elegant dress of wealthy women in  the late Medieval period.  Considering that this monument is over 500 years old, it’s in a remarkable state of preservation, probably because it’s in a church rather than an abbey.  Many old tombs in abbeys, including those of royal families, were destroyed during the reign of King Henry VIII.)

8. Margaret de Welles, d. 3 Jul 1480; m. (1) Thomas Dymoke, b. ca. 1428, beheaded 12 Mar 1470 before the Battle of Stamford

(To the Dymoke family, by descent from the Marmion family and possession of the manor of Scrivelsby in Lincolnshire, fell the honor of being the King or Queen’s Champion at the coronation.  Unfortunately for Sir Thomas Dymoke, who appeared at the coronation of King Edward IV, the king had a rather hazy memory of this good deed and  Sir Thomas was separated from his head.  The Champion last appeared at the coronation of King George IV on 19 Jul 1821.

According to an account of the coronation of King Richard II:  “As was customary, the coronation was immediately followed by a banquet in Westminster Hall, during which the royal champion rode into the hall on horseback and, according to ancient practice, challenged to personal combat anyone who denied the king’s right to his throne.  Sir John Dymoke, lord of the manor of Scrivelsby, held the office as part of his feudal duties; but he was uncertain of his prescribed role.  He had first appeared unexpectedly at the west door of the abbey during the coronation service, and been sent ignominiously away.”)

9. Lionel Dymoke, d. ca. 1519; m. (1) Joan (or Johanne) Griffith, daughter of Rhys (or Richard) Griffith, d. 8 Oct 1489, viz. Inquisition Post Mortem dated 17 Jun 1494

(Description of monumental brass for Sir Lionel Dymoke at St. Mary’s, Horncastle, Lincolnshire.  Sir Lionel Dymoke’s suit of armor was looted from the church during the Lincolnshire rebellion of 1536 and has disappeared.)

10. Alice Dymoke, d. ca. 1550; m. (his 2nd) Sir William Skipwith, b. ca. 1487, d. 7 Jul 1547 [a] ( Sir William Skipwith’s mother, Katherine FitzWilliam, was a descendant of Joan of Acre, daughter of King Edward 1, through her 2nd marriage to Ralph de Monthermer)

Sir William Skipwith, knighted ca. 1533/4, was a descendant of 14th century judge Sir William de Skipwith.  The Skipwith were a prosperous Lincolnshire family connected by marriage to more prominent families, and Sir William Skipwith was active in county affairs.  He held the offices of:  Justice of the peace for Lincolnshire (Lindsey) from 1520 until his death, commissioner of subsidy Lincolnshire in 1523 and 1536, of loan in 1524, of musters 1542 and 1546, of contribution in 1546, various other commissions from 1530 until his death, sheriff of Lincolnshire 1526-7, and servitor at the coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1533.  During the rising of 1536 he sided with the king, but was captured by the insurgents and pressured to sign a letter of grievances to the king, but submitted to the Duke of Suffolk when the Duke put down the rebellion.  Upon the elevation to the peerage of Sir John Hussey and Sir Gilbert Tailboys, in 1532/4 Sir William Skipwith and Sir Robert Tyrwhitt replaced them in Parliament.  Skipwith was re-elected in 1536 and served again in 1539.  On 10 Jun 1539, he obtained a lease on the house and site of the suppressed abbey of Markby in Lincolnshire.

(This, and the two biographies that follow, are adapted from the History of Parliament Online, an ongoing project to document the history and members of the English parliament.)

11. Henry Skipwith, b. Sunday 1 Sep 1533, d. 15 Aug 1588; m. ca. 1562 Jane (Hall) Nele, d. 11 May 1598, daughter of Francis Hall (descendant of King Edward I’s daughter Elizabeth; see “de Bohun” note below) and Ursula Sherington

Henry Skipwith, though never knighted (probably by choice, as his holdings certainly merited knighthood), held numerous offices under the crown:  Keeper of Ampthill great park in 1565, equerry of royal stables by 1569, Justice of the Peace for Leicestershire ca. 1569, steward of crown lands 1570, commissioner to enforce the Acts of Uniformity Supremacy for the dioceses of Lincoln and Peterborough, and commissioner of musters for Leicestershire in 1583.  Henry Skipwith was a trusted “servant” of Queen Elizabeth I (in the sense that he served her interests).  On 15 Sep 1569 the Queen employed him to carry a confidential message about Mary Stuart to the Earls of Huntingdon and Shrewsbury and Viscount Hereford.  In fact, Henry Skipwith seems to have been one of William Cecil Lord Burghley’s spies, and certainly acted in that capacity in the Duke of Norfolk affair, securing Norfolk’s admission that he had received 2000 pounds of Mary’s money, and on 7 Sep 1569 conducted Norfolk to the Tower of London.  Henry Skipwith was MP in 1584 and 1586.  He died intestate on 14/15 Aug 1588.  In addition to a freehold estate, Henry Skipwith obtained valuable leases.  His widow faced considerable difficulty in obtaining an account of his holdings, but eventually prevailed.

12. Sir William Skipwith, d. 3 May 1610; m. (1) Margaret Cave (2) Jane (Roberts) Markham

Sir William Skipwith served as a knight of the shire in 1601, and in 1604 was MP for Leicester.  He was knighted in 1603.  He received his education at Jesus College of Cambridge University.  He was Justice of the Peace in Leicestershire from ca. 1592, sheriff 1597–98, and commissioner of musters in 1608. Although on friendly terms with the 4th Earl of Huntingdon, and sharing the Earl’s support for Puritan ministers, he nonetheless supported George Belgrave, a man the Earl detested, when Belgrave was the subject of arguments in the House on 8 Dec 1601.  Sir William Skipwith had some reputation as a poet:  his verses were described by Fuller as “neither so apparent that every rustic might understand them, nor so obscure that they needed an Oedipus to interpret them.”  His widow Jane erected the monument to his memory in Prestwold church.

The following is from The Skipwith Book of Hours found in the McClean Collection of the FitzWilliam Museum:

The Latin inscription next to the name Margarett Skipwithe means “Neither rashly nor timidly,” which recommends a steady temperament and measured behavior.  She is Margaret (Cave) Skipwith, Sir William Skipwith’s first wife, followed by their children.  These dates are all Julian, hence the seeming anomaly.  The next entries pertain to the children of Sir Henry Skipwith, bart. (see following)

13. Sir Henry Skipwith, b. 21 Mar 1589/90, d. ca. 1655, son by (1), knighted at Whitehall 19 Jul 1609, cr. Baronet 20 Dec 1622; m. (1) Amy Kempe, bur. 7 Sep 1631 at Prestwould, Leicestershire

14. Diana Skipwith, b. 27 May 1621, d. 31 Jul 1696 in Lancaster Co., VA; m. (his 2nd) Edward Dale, d. 2 Feb 1695/6 in Lancaster Co., VA (As the biographies of Diana Skipwith’s grandfather, great-grandfather, and 2nd great-grandfather illustrate, the Skipwith family had been prominent for centuries.  Her 2nd great-grandfather was born about 27 years after the death of Lionel Lord Welles, the last peer from which her line descended.)

15. Elizabeth Dale, b. ca. 1659/60; m. (his 1st) ca. 1677/8 William Rogers*b. ca. 1655, d. 1714, son of Capt. John Rogers and Ellen of Northumberland Co., VA

Living descendants, as follows:  Hannah Rogers m. (2) Edward Blackmore; Joseph Blakemore m. Anne Sanders; Hannah Blakemore m. (1) William Duncan; Joseph Duncan m. Elizabeth Peters; Minerva Jane Duncan m. Peyton Milton Wilcox; Nancy Theodocia Wilcox m. (2) Thomas Calvin McMillen; Nora Ann McMillen m. (1) Eric Lyman Vaughan; etc.

[*William Rogers m. (2) Mrs. Mary (Stott) Pullen, will probated 8 Sep 1731 (W.B. 12, p. 206); no issue of the marriage.  She was the widow of Henry Pullen, who d. 1698 (W.B. 8, p. 79).  Mary Pullen was named in will of Brian Stott, her father, whose will was undated but probated 14 Mar 1704/5 (WB 8, pp. 236-237).  Stott was living as late as May 1703 when he granted power of attorney to Steph: Tomlin.

The  exact date of William Rogers’ marriage to Mary (Stott) Pullen is unknown, but the “Widow Pullen” is mentioned in a deed dated 2 Aug 1708 between Andrew Jackson and Gawin Corbin of Lancaster County.  Since Mary (Stott) Pullen is the only “Widow Pullen” of record at this time, it’s safe to conclude Rogers married her after 2 Aug 1708.

William Rogers was a Churchwarden at St. Mary’s White Chapel.  He died intestate by 14 Apr 1714, when Mary Rogers was granted administration on his estate (Lancaster Co., VA Order Book 1713-1721, p. 47).  He shouldn’t be confused with his son William Rogers, who m. Margaret (Margarite) –, and appears in the deed books in 1715; see Farish, p.57.]

The following from the  KNIGHTS OF  EDWARD I provides some details about Sir Roger de Hales:

The latin word “vice” (in italics) means “in place of.”

[a] see the “Endless Knight: Henry Skipwith, son of Alice (Dymoke) Skipwithe, etc.” column.

Margaret (Marguerite) of France, daughter of Philip III, King of France, was a descendant of Stephen I, King of England, d. 25 Oct 1154 (through his daughter Marie of Blois, d. 1182), and Isaac II Angelus, d. 1204, Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Emperor.  The claim that King Stephen I was a descendant of Jesus is a hoax.  John 4th Lord Mowbray was the great-grandson of Blanche of Artois, also a descendant of Isaac II Angelus.



1. Edward I, King of England; m. (1) Eleanor of Castile (dau. of Fernando III, King of Castile and Leon), d. 28 Nov 1290

2. Joan of England (full sister to Edward II, King of England), b. 1272, d. 7 Apr 1307; m. (1) 1290, Gilbert de Clare, b. 2 Sep 1243, d. 7 Dec 1295, Earl of Gloucester, Hertford, and Clare

3. Alianor de Clare, b. Oct 1292, d. 30 Jun 1337; m. (1) ca. 14 Jun 1306, Hugh le Despenser the younger, Lord Despenser (infamous paramour of Edward II), executed at Hereford 24 Nov 1326

(This chart from The Complete Peerage gives some antecedents of Hugh le Despenser the Younger.  “Hugh: slain at Evesham” was his grandfather, who m. Aline Basset.  This Hugh was slain at the Battle of Evesham on 4 Aug 1265, fought between the forces of Simon de Montfort and Edward, son of King Henry III.  Hugh was buried in the abbey church at Evesham, before the lowest step in front of the high altar.  Thomas le Despenser at the top of the chart was the son of Geoffrey Despenser, d. ca. 1160, son of Ansketil Despenser.)

[Caerphilly Castle in Wales, stronghold of Hugh le Despenser, Lord Despenser.  It was originally constructed by Hugh’s father-in-law, Gilbert de Clare.  Hugh styled himself Earl of Gloucester (though never so created) in right of his wife Alianor, who was a granddaughter of King Edward I.]

(This site in Tewkesbury Abbey was once the tomb of Hugh le Despenser, Lord Despenser, where in 1330 was deposited his dismembered corpse.  He was excecuted at Hereford on orders from Roger de Mortimer and Queen Isabella, and his head displayed on London Bridge on 4 Dec 1326.  His father, Hugh Despenser, Earl of Winchester,  was executed on 27 Oct 1326.  His body was impaled on a fork.)

4. Edward le Despenser, second son, slain at Morlaix 30 Sep 1342; m. 20 Apr 1335, Anne de Ferrers, d. 8 Aug 1367, daughter of William de Ferrers, Lord Ferrers

5. Edward le Despenser, K.G., Lord Despenser, b. 24 Mar 1335/6, d. 11 Nov 1375 at Llanblethian in Wales, bur. at Tewkesbury Abbey; m. before 2 Aug 1354, Elizabeth de Burghersh, d. 26 July 1409, bur. in the choir of Tewkesbury Abbey, daughter of Bartholomew de Burghersh, Lord Burghersh, and Cicely de Weyland

(One of the most bizarre funerary monuments I’ve seen:  effigy of Edward le Despenser, d. 1375, at Tewkesbury Abbey.  According to Froissart, Edward le Despenser died of an illness contracted during the campaign in France:  he was “the Constable of the army, … who was deeply mourned by all his friends.  He was a noble heart and a gallant knight, open-handed and chivalrous.”)

6. Elizabeth le Despenser, d. Apr 1408; m. (1) John FitzAlan (or Arundel), b. 30 Nov 1364, d. 14 Aug 1390, son of John FitzAlan (or Arundel) and Eleanor Mautravers

7. Thomas FitzAlan (or Arundel), d. ca. 1430/1, of Betchworth Castle, Dorking, co. Surrey; m. (her 1st) Joan Moyne, liv. 1443/4

(This portion of the chart is correct.  The previous page is wrong as to the parents of Thomas FitzAlan who m. Joan Moyne, omitting a generation.  Sir Thomas Browne, husband of Alianor or Ellen FitzAlan was nominally a Yorkist, but due to shifting fortunes in the Wars of the Roses found himself in a party of Lancastrians holding the Tower of London.  When the Tower capitulated to the Yorkists, most of its noble defenders were spared, but Sir Thomas Browne lost his head, although other accounts claim he was drawn and quartered.  In any event, the Browne family was attainted, but King Edward IV reversed the attainder.)

8. Alianor FitzAlan (or Arundel), liv. 1461; m. (1) ca. 1431, Thomas Browne, Sheriff of Kent 1443-4, MP for Kent 1445 and 1446, executed 20 Jul 1460, held Betchworth Castle, Dorking, co. Surrey in right of wife; CCR 1 Edw IV (Calendar of Close Rolls 1461) lists 7 sons, among them Robert Browne

(Lithograph of the ruins of Betchworth Castle which overlook the Mole River.  The Castle is now within the property of a golf course.  The ruins are said to be haunted by the ghost of a black dog, and the spectre of Lord Hope, who ran through with his sword what he took to be an escaping prisoner, only to find it was his son.)

9. Robert Browne, armiger, d. 1511 (will prob 19 May 1511 PCC Fetiplace); m. Anne – (not Mary Malet); one child

10. Eleanor Browne, d. 1560; m. (2) William Kempe, b. 1487, d. 28 Jan 1535

11. Thomas Kempe, b. 1517, d. 7 Mar 1591, MP 1559; m. (2) 19 Jan 1550, Amy Moyle, d. 1557, dau. of Sir Thomas Moyle (Sir Thomas Moyle m. Katherine Jordyene, daughter of Edward Jordyene, a goldsmith employed in the mint at the Tower of London.  Moyle was Speaker of the House of Commons 1541-1544.  He took part in the Prebendaries’ Plot of 1543 which sought to block the reforms of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury.  He served as a commissioner under King Henry VIII in the dissolution of the monasteries.)

12. Thomas Kempe, b. 1551, d. 1607; m. (2) Dorothy Thompson, d. 1629

13. Amy Kempe, d. 1631; m. (his 1st) Henry Skipwith, b. 21 Mar 1589/90, d. 1655

14. Diana Skipwith, d.31 Jul 1696; m. (his 2nd) Edward Dale, d. 2 Feb 1695/6

15. Elizabeth Dale; m. (his 1st) William Rogers; information same as gen. 15 in previous line.  Living descendants.

(A line exists from Humphrey de Bohun, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of King Edward I.  Humphrey de Bohun had a legitimate connection to King David I of Scotland, avoiding the line through an alleged illegitimate daughter of William the Lion.)

(Tomb effigy of Eleanor of Castile at Westminster Abbey.)


The following diagram, made by A.P. Stanley in the late 19th century, shows the position of the royal tombs in Westminster Abbey in the section where once had been Edward the Confessor’s shrine.  The tombs of Eleanor of Castile, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward I’s brother Edmund (Crouchback) are on the north side.



Two excellent accounts of some descendants of Elizabeth (Dale) Rogers are:

Dorman, John Frederick, FASG & FNGS.  (1967).   The Farish Family Of Virginia And Its Forbears. Richmond, VA:  Privately printed by Ben Robertson Miller & Archibald G. Robertson.
Price, Mayor Jay Berry; Hollingsworth, Harry, ed.  (1992).  The Price, Blakemore, Hamblen, Skipwith And Allied Lines. Knoxville, TN:  Tennessee Valley Publishing. i–xii 929 pp.

(Dorman and Price give Elizabeth Dale’s descent from Henry III, while Richardson and Roberts give her pedigree from Edward I.  Both lines are valid.)

Dale married Diana Skipwith for her social and political connections.  She was the sister of the royalist Sir Grey Skipwith, “a British baronet who fled to America after the English Civil War, became part of Governor Berkeley’s cavalier elite, and settled near Petersburg.”  (Fischer, 2000).  That’s why Thomas Carter termed their marriage “fortuitous” in his prayer book.

The account of Sir Grey Skipwith is confused, although there seems no dearth of material about him.  The following will provide the correct facts:

There is no exact date of death for Sir Grey Skipwith:  I have no record of appointment of an administrator for an intestate estate or executors of a will qualifying in court.  The following, from the Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia 1622-1632, 1670-1676 indicates approximate date of death as by 23 May 1671.  The entry is shown as “May the 23th 1672,” but H.R. McIlwaine in his list of corrections corrects the date to “1671.” This may well be the earliest record extant indicating a date of death of Sir Grey Skipwith.  It is followed by a more complete description of the case heard by the General Court on 27 Sep 1671 granting a judgement to Dame Ann Skipwith.

On 8 Oct 1672, Sir William Skipwith (then about 2 years of age) received a patent from the colonial Land Office for 400 acres in Middlesex Co. adjoining the lands of Wm. Frizell and Edmund Kempe, deceased, land formerly surveyed by Sir Grey Skipwith.  On 6 Oct 1679 Dame Ann Skipwith appears in a list of “Tobaccoes recd & Secured for Debts by Bill & Accots” (Middlesex Co., VA County Order Book 1677–1680, p. 195). On 6 April 1680, “Dame Ann Skipwith , Mother & Gaurdian [sic] of Sr William Skipwith” won a lawsuit against James Dudley (op. cit., p. 214a).  The parish register of Christ Church, Middlesex Co., records that “The Lady Ann Skipwith” died on 5 March 1685[/6].  She had been the widow of Edmund Kempe.  Sir Grey Skipwith inherited the baronetcy between 11 Oct 1658, when, as Mr. Grey Skipwith, he was granted 900 acres in New Kent Co., VA, which had been granted to Thomas Dale, but deserted, and 10 Jul 1661, when as Sir Grey Skipwith, of Lancaster Co., he granted the same land to his step-daughter, Elizabeth Kempe. Therefore, by 10 Jul 1661, he had married Edmund Kempe’s widow, Ann, and was administrator of her deceased husband’s estate.  Two deeds presented to the Middlesex Co., VA court on 5 Sep 1687  mention Sir William Skipwith’s land (Middlesex Co., VA Deed Book 2, pp. 296–304.  Middlesex Co. was formed in 1669 from Lancaster Co.). Evidently, Sir Grey Skipwith’s estate was entailed, as Dame Ann Skipwith is always mentioned as acting on behalf of her son, and not as an administratrix or executor; had there been another heir, at the very least VA law required an intestate estate.  This proves that William Skipwith, who inherited the baronetcy, was Sir Grey Skipwith’s only child.  Sir William Skipwith was appointed Sheriff of Middlesex Co. in 1699 and served as a justice.  He married Sarah Peyton, and died ca. 1736, leaving a will in Middlesex Co.  He was eventually succeeded by his second son, William.

The Thomas Carter Prayer Book records that:

[“Thomas son of Thomas was Born on the 4th Day June 1672 Betw’n 3 & 4 oclock in ye Morng and was Bapzd att ye new Church Augt 5th Capt: John Lee – Mr Th: Hayne ye Lady Ann Skipworth & Eliza Dale godparents.”  (Transcription by author.)]

No description of Diana Skipwith exists.  Her marriage to Edward Dale appears to have been unhappy.


We are as a River

Winding its great course,

The “mortal coil”

Now past, unwound

Returned anew.

And upon this endless thread

We are borne

To remain true among the few.

Child by child and chain by chain, these people are a living link to history.  Canned books of pedigrees conceal their flaws and omit their virtues.

[Descent from a Plantagenet or Anglo-Saxon monarch doesn’t entitle the descendant to any honors in the United Kingdom.  Most present-day peers are descendants of Tudor or Stuart era (and later) creations, though they would find earlier monarchs and peers among their ancestors.]

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